Executive Function Impairment
The most complex cognitive processes are those that involve:
abstract thinking (BIAA, 2021).
Collectively, these processes make up what is known as executive functioning. Persons with brain injury often have an impairment with executive functioning processes. Difficulties may arise as problems with areas such as:
analyzing all aspects of a situation
considering all potential solutions to a problem
executing those solutions
maintaining cognitive flexibility if one solution does not work and
Other behaviors often seen in persons with brain injury include:
hyperverbosity (hyper + verbal) and
poor self control of their emotions.
Executive functioning deficits can occur whether brain injury is deemed mild, moderate, or severe and may significantly impact all aspects of life.
Cognitive rehabilitation is designed to improve cognitive functioning for patients who have sustained a brain injury or who are otherwise cognitively impaired. Persons with brain injury can be taught to:
approach situations in a rational and systematic manner
consider alternative solutions
to prioritize and execute a solution and
to review the outcome of their approach to the situation (BIAA, 2021).