• Saundra Smyrski

Chronic Conditions Lingering After TBI



Research has identified some areas of physical health which create chronic problems for people with brain injuries.


Self reported problems include:

-metabolic and endocrine symptoms including changes in appetite and weight;

-neurologic symptoms including seizures and headache;

-incontinence (of both bowel and bladder);

-chronic pain;

-and sleep disturbances.


However, other long-term difficulties are clearly observed, including:

-worsening of complications like dystonia, spasticity and contractures;

-swallowing problem and resultant aspiration;

-dizziness;

-balance and righting reactions;

-neglect due to sensory changes; and pressure sores (BIAA, 2019)


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